Welp, enough studying, time to sleep
My great grandfather, Stanley Temple. We think the date on this may say 1914 but we’re not sure. Either way, the arts are past down the family line it seems #art #drawing #notthatoldyet
Map of Paul Revere’s ride (and everybody else’s too).
Timeline of events on April 18, 1775
Morning: Captain MacKenzie is sent out on patrol with 20 men to stop dispatch riders. The unusual behavior of the British officers alerts many men in the country side that something fishy is going on and they report to their leaders.
6AM: Elijah Sanderson sees the patrols and notices their unusual gear and behavior. He gets his gear and heads to the the meeting place in Lexington.
At about this time Solomon Brown also spots the patrol and their unusual gear and behavior. He avoids them and gallops to Lexington
Noon: Bostonians record hearing heavy tackle and the sound of boatswain’s pipes aboard the HMS Somerset and HMS Boyne
2PM: The town by now is aware that something’s afoot. To quote Frederick MacKenzie, the Captain in the Royal Welch Fusiliers “The town was a good deal agitated and alarmed at this movement, as it was pretty generally known by means of seamen who came on shore from their ships, about 2 o’clock, that the boats were ordered to be in readiness”
Late afternoon: Paul Revere receives confirmation from one of his many sources that the Regulars were preparing to march that night or the next day
Early evening: Lord Percy leaves his meeting with Gage where he’s told of the plans for the raid on Concord. As he walks across the Common he’s stopped by several citizens and told that the troops will miss their mark of getting to the arms stored in Concord.
7PM: Menotony Committee of Safety closes it’s meeting. Two of it’s members see the patrols and double back to warn the others. Elbridge Gerry writes a warning and forwards it to Lexington.
8pm: Warnings arrive in Lexington. The town minister records that they received a written and a vocal warning (which could be Solomon Brown’s,Elijah Sanderson’s, or someone else’s)
9PM: The Lexington militia puts a squad on guard detail for John Hancock and Samuel Adams. Another 30 militia men are gathered on the green and go into Buckman’s Tavern to wait further developments.
About the same time Elijah Sanderson, Solomon Brown, and Jonathan Loring volunteered to act as dispatch riders to Concord (this ad hoc nature of warning systems was a long established tradition in New England)
9:30PM: The three men are captured by the British patrol and held until 2:30 am and then let go.
Between 9pm and 10pm: Dr. Joseph Warren (President of the Provincial Congress, member of the Boston Committee of Correspondence and one of the most powerful men in the Patriot movement) calls Paul Revere
10PM (or shortly after): The signal is given from Old North Church
10PM: The order is given for the soldiers to start assembling for departure. At one point a dog is killed to keep it from barking.
10:15PM: Paul Revere leaves his home on his mission.
Midnight: Revere arrives in Lexington and alerts Sgt Munroe, Jonas Clarke (the preacher), and John Hancock and Samuel Adams.
Midnight: The expedition finally crosses the Charles River.
12:30AM: Dawes arrives with his message
1am: William Prescott meets Paul Revere and William Dawes on the road. Prescott had been “out courting” and was returning to his home.
1am to 2am: news of the march reaches Concord via the alarm system of ringing bells, bon fires, and gunshots The militia in Lexington begin to muster on the Common..
1:30am: Paul Revere is captured by a British patrol. He tells the patrol that 500 men are waiting for them at Lexington.
2:00am: The expedition is finally ordered on it’s march, having had to wait for over an hour for it’s provisions, and cannon to be brought over. (At least one soldier drops out the ranks at this point and surrenders to a family in Lechmere Point. They take him in and then send warning on to the town.)
2:30am: Elizabeth Rand (a widow) was wide awake guarding a hog carcass when she saw the expedition pass. She ran to the home of her neighbor, Samuel Tufts, who was awake making bullets with his slave and tells him of the expedition. He sets off to warn others.
Early in the morning Josiah Nelson (who lived between Lexington and Concord) startles the British patrol when he comes out and mistakes them for militia asking them if they’ve heard news about the Regulars (indicating that word had gotten that far). He’s wounded by a sword slash from one of the officers and briefly taken prisoner. After he’s released he goes home, collects his weapons, warns his neighbors and heads to Concord.
Encounters like this happened throughout the march, so while the Regulars kept a fast marching pace the militia were racing even faster from town to town spreading the warning.
3am: Colonel Francis Smith halts the expedition in Menotomy to rest them after the fast march of one mile every 16 minutes—very fast for a night time march. At that point he sends Captain Pitcairn ahead of the main body with six companies of light infantry as they could move much faster than the bulk of the army. His task was to seize the bridges at Concord.
3am: Paul Revere is released by the British and heads back to Lexington
4am: The column captures Asahel Porter and Josiah Richardson of Woburn. About the same time they detained a young man named Simon Winship
4:30am or 5:00am: Colonel Smith orders a dispatch rider back to Boston to ask for reinforcements as all surprise has been lost and the countryside is fully aroused and assembling in their might.
Put ‘unf’ in my ask if you find me attractive.
*anxiously waits for the zero messages i’ll get*